University of Florida


To live in harmony with the Florida environment, we need to be aware of how our lives intersect with and affect it. We offer information about the animal and plant species that live here, as well as the coasts, estuaries, forests, swamps, lakes, hammocks, and wetlands that make our state unique, so you can enjoy—and help preserve—these treasures.

To find out what Extension services are available in your area or to get personal assistance, please contact your county Extension office.

Plant of the Month: Saltbush (Baccharis halimifolia)

Known for it's unusual hairy flowers, saltbush (Baccharis halimifolia) is the November plant of the month. Photo credit: THPStock/Thinkstock  More»

Living With Deer

Fall is deer rutting (breeding) season in Florida, which means you may see white-tailed deer grazing around your neighborhood. Get to know these creatures and ways to prevent any possible conflict between you and them. More...  More»

November Wildlife Happenings

From more woodpecker sightings on suet feeders to manatees migrating to warmer waters, November is the month Florida wildlife prepares for the winter season. More...  More»

Why are Bats Important?

From pest control to pollination, learn why bats are essential to our ecosystem. More...  More»

Recognizing Florida’s Venomous Snakes

Florida provides many opportunities to enjoy nature. Those who like hiking, camping or swimming may have been acquainted with the many species of snakes native to the state—46 to be exact. While this number may scare some people, only six of the 46 are venomous. These include the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake, Timber Rattlesnake, Pygmy Rattlesnake, Copperhead, Cottonmouth and the Coral Snake. Despite the increased  More»

Bat Conservation

Bats have had a bad reputation as blood-sucking flying rodents for years, but some facts about these nocturnal creatures may surprise you. For example, not all bats are bloodsucking creatures—only three among the 1,200 species that exist actually consume blood. Bats, which are the only true flying mammal, rise from the darkness each night to feed on thousands of insects. Their feces also serves as a nitrogen-rich fertilizer,  More»